Signs of Diabetes and its Preventions
Diabetes is the disease in which blood glucose levels are high than normal levels. Glucose
In the USA, 30.2 million people over 18 years of age with diagnosed and non-diagnosed diabetes. They are almost 27.9 – 32.7 percent of the USA population.
Without careful management, diabetes can lead to buildup of sugars in the blood, which can increase the risk of serious problems, like stroke and heart disease.
Different kinds of diabetes can occur. Some of them are due to bad life style and some are present from childhood.
There are several types of diabetes.
Three major diabetes types
Type I diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes in which
This type occurs in women during pregnancy when the body can become less sensitive to insulin. Gestational diabetes mostly resolves after giving birth.
Non usual types of diabetes include monogenic diabetes and cystic fibrosis-related diabetes.
Signs of diabetes
The general signs of diabetes include:
- weight loss
- More hunger
- Much thirst
- Increased fatigue
- Urination after short time periods
- blurry vision
- wounds that don’t heal
Signs of diabetes in women
Women with diabetes can also have symptoms such as yeast infections, urinary tract infections, and dry skin.
Signs of diabetes in men
In men with diabetes will have a erectile dysfunction (ED), decreased sex drive, and poor muscle strength.
Causes of diabetes
Different causes are linked with each type of diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes
Doctors don’t know rightly what causes type 1 diabetes. For some reason, the immune system by chance attacks and destroys insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas.
Genetics may play a role in some people. It’s also possible that a virus sets off the immune system attack.
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes stems from a combination of genetics and lifestyle and environmental factors.
This condition passes through families. Family members transfer genes1 that make them more likely to get type 2 diabetes and to be overweight.
Gestational diabetes caused due to hormonal changes during pregnancy. The placenta produces hormones that make a pregnant woman’s cells less sensitive to the effects of insulin. This can cause high blood sugar during pregnancy.
Women who are overweight when during her pregnancy or who gain too much weight during their pregnancy are much likely to get gestational diabetes.
Treatment of diabetes
Doctors usually treat diabetes with a few different medications. Some of these drugs are taken by mouth, while some are used as injections.
Type 2 diabetes
Diet and exercise can help some people fight against type 2 diabetes. If changing lifestyle isn’t necessary to lower your blood sugar, you’ll have to need to take medication.
These drugs lower your blood sugar in different ways:
|Types of drug||How they work||Example(s)|
|Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors||Slow your body’s breakdown of sugars and starchy foods||Acarbose (Precose) and miglitol (Glyset)|
|Biguanides||Reduce the amount of glucoseyour liver makes||Metformin (Glucophage)|
|DPP-4 inhibitors||Improve your blood sugar without making it drop too low||Linagliptin (Tradjenta), saxagliptin (Onglyza), and sitagliptin (Januvia)|
|Glucagon-like peptides||Change the way your body produces insulin||Dulaglutide (Trulicity), exenatide (Byetta), and liraglutide (Victoza)|
|Meglitinides||Stimulate your pancreas to release more insulin||Nateglinide (Starlix) and repaglinide (Prandin)|
|SGLT2 inhibitors||Release more glucose into the urine||Canagliflozin (Invokana) and dapagliflozin (Farxiga)|
|Sulfonylureas||Stimulate your pancreas to release more insulin||Glyburide (DiaBeta, Glynase), glipizide(Glucotrol), and glimepiride (Amaryl)|
|Help insulin work better||Pioglitazone (Actos) and rosiglitazone (Avandia)|
Type 1 diabetes
Insulin is the main therapy to treat type 1 diabetes. It replaces the hormone your body isn’t producing.
There are four types of insulin that are most commonly used. They’re classified by how quickly they start to work, and how long their effects lasts:
- Long-acting insulin starts to work a few hours after injection and lasts 24 hours or longer.
- Intermediate-acting insulin starts to work within 1 to 2 hours and lasts 12 to 18 hours.
- Short-acting insulin starts to work within 30 minutes and lasts 6 to 8 hours.
- Rapid-acting insulin starts its work within 15 minutes and its effects last for 3 to 4 hours.
You’ll need to diagnose your blood sugar level several times a day during pregnancy. If it’s high, dietary changes and exercise should be done to lower it.
According to the Mayo Clinic, about 10 to 20 percent of women having gestational diabetes will need insulin to control their blood sugar. Insulin is safe for the growing baby.
A person who is self-monitoring diabetes uses a device called a lancet to prick the skin. While the idea of drawing blood might cause distress for some people, the lancing of the finger to obtain a blood sample should be a gentle, simple procedure.
Self-monitoring blood sugar levels
Self-monitoring blood glucose (SMBG) machines different, they will generally include a meter and test strip for generating readings and a lancing device to get the skin for obtaining a small quantity of blood.