signs of Diabetes

Signs of Diabetes | Signs And Cure

Signs of Diabetes and its Preventions

Diabetes is the disease in which blood glucose levels are high than normal levels. Glucose taken from the foods we eat. Insulin is a hormone that converts extra sugar or glucose in glycogen. Signs of diabetes are given below in that artical.

In the USA, 30.2 million people over 18 years of age with diagnosed and non-diagnosed diabetes. They are almost 27.9 – 32.7 percent of the USA population.Without careful management, diabetes can lead to an increase of sugars in the blood, which can increase the risk of serious problems, like stroke and heart disease. Different kinds of diabetes can occur. Some of them are due to bad life style and some are present from childhood.

Types

There are several types of diabetes.

Three major diabetes types are: Type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes, Which are described below in detail.

Type I diabetes

 That type occurs when the body does not produce insulin. People with type I diabetes must take artificial insulin daily to survive.

Type 2 diabetes

 Type 2 diabetes in which body can’t use insulin properly. This is the most common type of diabetes. According to the National Institute of Diabetes, it has strong links with obesity.

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Signs of diabetes

The general signs of diabetes include:

  • weight loss
  • More hunger
  • Much thirst
  • Increased fatigue
  • Urination after short time periods
  • blurry vision
  • wounds that don’t heal

Signs of diabetes in women

Women with diabetes can also have symptoms such as yeast infections, urinary tract infections, and dry skin.

Signs of diabetes in men

In men with diabetes will have a erectile dysfunction (ED), decreased sex drive, and poor muscle strength.

 

Causes of diabetes

Different causes are linked with each type of diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes

Doctors don’t know rightly what causes type 1 diabetes. Immune system by chance attacks due to some reason. That destroys insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas.

Genetics may play a role in some people. It’s also possible that a virus sets off the immune system attack.

Type 2 diabetes

This condition passes through families. Family members transfer genes1 that make them more likely to get type 2 diabetes and to be overweight.

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes caused due to hormonal changes during pregnancy. The placenta produces hormones that make a pregnant woman’s cells less sensitive to the effects of insulin. This can cause high blood sugar during pregnancy.

Women who are overweight during her pregnancy or who gain too much weight during their pregnancy are much likely to get gestational diabetes.

Treatment of diabetes

Doctors usually treat diabetes with a few different medications. Some of these drugs are taken by mouth, while some are used as injections.

Type 2 diabetes

Diet and exercise can help some people fight against type 2 diabetes. If changing lifestyle isn’t necessary to lower your blood sugar, you’ll have to need to take medication.

These drugs lower your blood sugar in different ways:

Metformin, glyburide, glipizide , glimepiride , repaglinide , nateglinide and canagliflozin

Type 1 diabetes

Insulin is the main therapy to treat type 1 diabetes. It replaces the hormone your body isn’t producing.

There are four types of insulin that are most commonly used. They’re classified by how quickly they start to work, and how long their effects lasts:

  • Long-acting insulin starts to work a few hours after injection and lasts 24 hours or longer.
  • Intermediate-acting insulin starts to work within 1 to 2 hours and lasts 12 to 18 hours.
  • Short-acting insulin starts to work within 30 minutes and lasts 6 to 8 hours.
  • Rapid-acting insulin starts its work within 15 minutes and its effects last for 3 to 4 hours.

Gestational diabetes

You’ll need to diagnose your blood sugar level several times a day during pregnancy. If it’s high, dietary changes and exercise should be done to lower it.

Insulin is safe for the growing baby.

Self-monitoring tips

A person who is self-monitoring diabetes uses a device called a lancet to prick the skin. While the idea of drawing blood might cause distress for some people, the lancing of the finger to obtain a blood sample sDhould be a gentle, simple procedure.

Self-monitoring blood glucose (SMBG) machines , they will generally include a meter and test strip for generating readings and a lancing device to get the skin for obtaining a small quantity of blood.

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