high blood pressure

High Blood Pressure | Causes, Treatments

High Blood Pressure | Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

High blood pressure is a condition in which we count how much blood is passing through your blood vessels and the amount of resistance the blood faces while passing through the blood vessels. Increased blood pressure may affect health if not treated timely. More the narrow arteries more the resistance blood faces. The narrower your arteries are, the higher your blood pressure. High blood pressure is also called Hypertension. Hypertension is very common today.

Hypertension is not emergent disease like heart attack. It gradually develops over years with no significant symptoms. But even without symptoms, high blood pressures can cause damage to your blood vessels and other organs, especially heart, eyes, kidneys and the brain.

Early diagnosis is very important. Regular b.p measurements can help you to control your b.p. If your b.p is increased, your doctor may suggest preventions or medication if needed. Treatment for hypertension includes both prescription medication and healthy lifestyle changes including exercise and lower your tension. High Blood Pressure In Detail

Symptoms of Hypertension

Hypertension is generally a silent condition with apparently no significant symptoms or damage.  Most of the people won’t experience symptoms. But these hidden symptoms may lead to other serious issues like stroke. Symptoms of severe hypertension are:

  • Headaches
  • flushing
  • dizziness
  • chest pain
  • nosebleeds
  • visual changes
  • blood in the urine
  • shortness of breath

These symptoms require immediate medical diagnose. The best way to know if you have hypertension is to get your blood pressure readings with any authentic physician.

For example, if you received genetics of heart disease or have risk factors for developing the condition, your doctor may recommend that you have to your blood pressure checked two-three times per year. This diagnosis helps you to take steps for prevention that will save you from any serious problematic condition.

Statistics

In the United States, approximately 85 million people have high blood pressure including about 1 in every 3 persons above 20 years old. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) found in a research that about two-thirds of people having age above 65 in the U.S. have high blood pressure.

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Causes

Blood that has low oxygen levels is pumped from body to lungs where oxygen is supplied to the blood. The oxygen rich blood is pumped towards the body which is then supplied to the body muscles. When blood is pumped by heart, it creates a pressure in walls of blood vessels. If a person has high blood pressure, it means that the walls of the arteries are receiving too much pressure on a regular basis.

Causes of high blood pressure are given below:

Temperature

A research found that 8,801 participants over the age of 65 found that systolic and diastolic blood pressure have significantly different values depending upon outdoor temperature. Blood pressure was lower when temperature was high, and high when temperature was low.

Mental stress

Long term mental stress directly relates to hypertension. It can have a serious impact on blood pressure.

Age

The older you are more tendency of having high blood pressure

Family Genetics

If you have close family members with hypertension, your chances of developing high b.p also increases.

Physical Activity

Lack of exercise and any physical activity and having a sedentary lifestyle, raises the risk of hypertension.

Smoking

Smoking causes the blood vessels to narrow which increases higher blood pressure. Smoking also reduces the blood’s oxygen content so the heart has to pump faster in order to compensate, causing a rise in blood pressure.

High salt concentration

Researchers reported that societies where people do not eat much salt have lower blood pressures than places where people eat more salt.

Overweight

Both overweight and obese people have higher risk to develop high blood pressure, compared to people of normal weight.

Effect of Gender

High blood pressure is more common among adult males than adult females. After 60 years of age both men and women have equally chance.

Ethnic background

Evidence indicates that African or South Asian people have a higher risk of developing hypertension. While Americans have lower risk to hypertension.

Signs and symptoms

Most people with high blood pressure will not experience any significant symptoms. It is known as the “silent killer” for this reason.

However, once blood pressure reaches about 180/110 mmHg, it is considered a medical emergency known as a hypertensive crisis. At this stage, symptoms will show, including:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred or double vision
  • Headache
  • Nosebleeds.
  • Irregular or forceful beating of the heart
  • Breathlessness

Complications

If the hypertension is not treated or controlled timely the excessive pressure on the artery walls can lead to serious issues like damage of the blood vessels and vital organs like heart, liver, lungs and kidneys.

Below is a list of some of the possible complications of high blood pressure:

  • Stroke
  • blood clots
  • aneurysm
  • metabolic syndrome
  • brain function and memory problems
  • heart attack and heart failure
  • kidney disease
  • thickened, narrow, or torn blood vessels in the eyes

Treatment

Treatment for high blood pressure depends on several factors. They included its severity, associated risks of developing stroke or cardiovascular, disease, etc.

Slightly high blood pressure

The doctor may suggest some lifestyle changes if blood pressure is only high

Moderately high blood pressure

If blood pressure is high for long time, docters may refer for checkup.

Severe hypertension

If blood pressure levels are 180/110 mmHg or higher, the doctor will refer the individual to a specialist for urgent and regular treatment.

Changes in Lifestyle

The following area unit counseled mode changes which will assist you lower your pressure. Note that you just should talk to a Doctor or tending skilled to debate mode changes before creating any dramatic changes yourself

Regular Exercise

Exercise plays a key role on lowering the blood pressure. Exercising for 30 to 60 minutes five days a week will usually lower a person’s blood pressure by 4 to 9 mmHg.


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