High Blood Pressure | Causes, Symptoms, Treatments
High blood pressure is a condition in which we count how much blood is passing through your blood vessels and the amount of resistance the blood faces while passing through the blood vessels. Increased blood pressure may affect health if not treated timely. More the narrow arteries more the resistance blood faces. The narrower your arteries
Hypertension is not emergent disease like heart attack. It gradually develops over years with no significant symptoms. But even without symptoms, high blood pressures can cause damage to your blood vessels and other organs, especially heart, eyes, kidneys and the brain.
Early diagnosis is very important. Regular b.p measurements can help you to control your b.p. If your b.p is increased, your doctor may suggest preventions or medication if needed. Treatment for hypertension includes both prescription medication and healthy lifestyle changes including exercise and lower your tension. High Blood Pressure In Detail
Symptoms of Hypertension
Hypertension is generally a silent condition with apparently no significant symptoms or damage. Most of the people won’t experience symptoms. But these hidden symptoms may lead to other serious issues like stroke. Symptoms of severe hypertension are:
- chest pain
- visual changes
- blood in the urine
- shortness of breath
These symptoms require immediate medical diagnose. The best way to know if you have hypertension is to get your blood pressure readings with any authentic physician.
For example, if you received genetics of heart disease or have risk factors for developing the condition, your doctor may recommend that you have to your blood pressure checked two-three times per year. This diagnosis helps you to take steps for prevention that will save you from any serious problematic condition.
In the United States, approximately 85 million people have high blood pressure including about 1 in every 3 persons above 20 years old. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) found in
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Blood that has low oxygen levels is pumped from body to lungs where oxygen is supplied to the blood. The oxygen rich blood is pumped towards the body which is then supplied to the body muscles. When blood is pumped by heart, it creates a pressure in walls of blood vessels. If a person has high blood pressure, it means that the walls of the arteries are receiving too much pressure on a regular basis.
Causes of high blood pressure are given below:
A research found that 8,801 participants over the age of 65 found that systolic and diastolic blood pressure have significantly different values depending upon outdoor temperature. Blood pressure was lower when temperature was high, and high when temperature was low.
Long term mental stress directly relates to hypertension. It can have a serious impact on blood pressure.
The older you are more tendency of having high blood pressure
If you have close family members with hypertension, your chances of developing high b.p also
Lack of exercise and any physical activity and having a sedentary lifestyle, raises the risk of hypertension.
Smoking causes the blood vessels to narrow which increases higher blood pressure. Smoking also reduces the blood’s oxygen content so the heart has to pump faster in order to compensate, causing a rise in blood pressure.
High salt concentration
Researchers reported that societies where people do not eat much salt have lower blood pressures than places where people eat more salt.
Both overweight and obese people have higher risk to develop high blood pressure, compared to people of normal weight.
Effect of Gender
High blood pressure is more common among adult males than adult females. After 60 years of age both men and women have equally chance.
Evidence indicates that African or South Asian people have a higher risk of developing hypertension. While Americans have lower risk to hypertension.
Signs and symptoms
Most people with high blood pressure will not experience any significant symptoms. It is known as the “silent killer” for this reason.
However, once blood pressure reaches about 180/110 mmHg, it is considered a medical emergency known as a hypertensive crisis. At this stage, symptoms will show, including:
- Blurred or double vision
Irregularor forceful beating of the heart
If the hypertension is not treated or controlled timely the excessive pressure on the artery walls can lead to serious issues like damage of the blood vessels and vital organs like heart, liver, lungs and kidneys.
Below is a list of some of the possible complications of high blood pressure:
- blood clots
- metabolic syndrome
- brain function and memory problems
- heart attack and heart failure
- kidney disease
- thickened, narrow, or torn blood vessels in the eyes
Treatment for high blood pressure depends on several factors. They included its severity, associated risks of developing stroke or cardiovascular, disease, etc.
Slightly high blood pressure
The doctor may suggest some lifestyle changes if blood pressure is only high
Moderately high blood pressure
If blood pressure is high for long time,
If blood pressure levels are 180/110 mmHg or higher, the doctor will refer the individual to a specialist for urgent and regular treatment.
Changes in Lifestyle
The following area unit counseled mode changes which will assist you lower your pressure. Note that you just should talk to a Doctor or tending skilled to debate mode changes before creating any dramatic changes yourself
Exercise plays a key role