Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors | How to Avoid CVD
“Heart disease” and “cardiovascular disease” both terms are almost the same meanings. Both
About 47% of Americans population have at least one of the three key risk factors for heart disease: high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and smoking.
Two types of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors :
Non-modifiable risk factors include a person’s age, ethnicity and family history. Modifiable risk factors include lifestyle changes like smoking, diet
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Following is the list of risk factors of heart diseases
People of old ages have more chances of having CVD than younger people. We know that we cannot stop the natural process of aging. But we can slow down the risk by living our life in simple and healthy way.
A family having
Males have a greater risk of heart attack than women. Males have heart attacks earlier in life. But women have in later ages usually after menopause. Death rate due to heart attacks in women s much less than men.
Statistics proved that people of South Asian, African have a greater risk of developing CVD. Type 2 diabetes also have greater percentage in that ethnic groups. It itself is a risk factor. But again healthy lifestyle can decrease the risk of that disease.
Diet is considered to be one of the biggest factors for heart diseases. If you are taking balanced diet, you will have less risk of having heart diseases. People with those from a higher socioeconomic background take balanced diet. So they are at less risk.
Unhealthy diet like fast food, diet rich in fats and dairy products is a biggest risk factor for heart disease. A balanced diet including of fruits and vegetables, complex carbohydrates and protein should be taken at and excess fats, salts and sugars avoided.
Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol is one of the biggest causes of heart diseases. LDL is also known as bad cholesterol. Too much amount of LDL cholesterol can cause fatty substances to build up in the artery walls and lead to blockages of arteries. Which finally lead to heart attack. In order to reduce LDL cholesterol levels, people have to eat a balanced diet, regular exercise and stop smoking.
High blood pressure
High blood pressure is another big factor to heart disease, including heart failure, stroke and heart attack. High blood pressure is usually caused due to being overweight, physical inactivity, a high intake of salt or alcohol or a family history of the disorder.
Being overweight is detected when body mass index BMI is over 25. That overweight is due to eating an unhealthy diet and being physically inactive. There is need to lose weight at urgent in order to lower the risk of heart diseases.
Diabetes is a condition that causes high levels of glucose in the blood. This condition is a risk factor for developing heart disease.s High glucose levels in
Smoking tobacco will increase the risk of developing heart disease. Smoking damages and narrows the arteries, creating heart condition and coronary failure. Heart condition may be a condition in which there is pain or discomfort within the center of the chest, caused by the guts muscle not obtaining enough blood. It makes the heart beat fast and will increase pressure level, which means the heart has got to work more to pump blood round the body
Lack of exercising regularly increases a person’s chances of being overweight. Which leads