Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors

Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors | Precautions

Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors | How to Avoid CVD

“Heart disease” and “cardiovascular disease” both terms are almost the same meanings. Both relates to a poor supply of blood to the tissues. Cardiovascular disease relates to conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels. Later on, it can lead to a heart attack, chest pain or stroke. Heart disease also includes other heart conditions, like as those that affect your heart’s muscle, valves or rhythm. Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors. For More Details

About 47% of Americans population have at least one of the three key risk factors for heart disease: high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and smoking.

Two types of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors :

  • Modifiable
  • Non-modifiable

Non-modifiable risk factors include a person’s age, ethnicity and family history. Modifiable risk factors include lifestyle changes like smoking, diet and exercise.

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Following is the list of risk factors of heart diseases


People of old ages have more chances of having CVD than younger people. We know that we cannot stop the natural process of aging. But we can slow down the risk by living our life in simple and healthy way.

Family history

A family having of high blood pressure, high cholesterol and type 2 diabetes can also increase chances of developing that disease. For example we say if one person in a family have CVD, the other person also must have that disease. That is not 100% correct. We can say there are more chances of having CVD. It is recommended of leading a healthy lifestyle to reduce the risk of CVD in that persons who having more chances of having CVD.


Males have a greater risk of heart attack than women. Males have heart attacks earlier in life. But women have in later ages usually after menopause. Death rate due to heart attacks in women s much less than men.

Ethnic Race

Statistics proved that people of South Asian, African have a greater risk of developing CVD. Type 2 diabetes also have greater percentage in that ethnic groups. It itself is a risk factor. But again healthy lifestyle can decrease the risk of that disease.

Economic Status

Diet is considered to be one of the biggest factors for heart diseases. If you are taking balanced diet, you will have less risk of having heart diseases. People with those from a higher socioeconomic background take balanced diet. So they are at less risk.


Unhealthy diet like fast food, diet rich in fats and dairy products is a biggest risk factor for heart disease. A balanced diet including of fruits and vegetables, complex carbohydrates and protein should be taken at and excess fats, salts and sugars avoided.


Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol is one of the biggest causes of heart diseases. LDL is also known as bad cholesterol. Too much amount of LDL cholesterol can cause fatty substances to build up in the artery walls and lead to blockages of arteries. Which finally lead to heart attack. In order to reduce LDL cholesterol levels, people have to eat a balanced diet, regular exercise and stop smoking.

High blood pressure

High blood pressure is another big factor to heart disease, including heart failure, stroke and heart attack. High blood pressure is usually caused due to being overweight, physical inactivity, a high intake of salt or alcohol or a family history of the disorder.


Being overweight is detected when body mass index BMI is over 25. That overweight is due to eating an unhealthy diet and being physically inactive. There is need to lose weight at urgent in order to lower the risk of heart diseases.


Diabetes is a condition that causes high levels of glucose in the blood. This condition is a risk factor for developing heart disease.s High glucose levels in blood can damage the artery walls. It can also make the fatty deposits in arteries. That can lead directly towards CVD. Eating a balanced diet, taking regular exercise are very beneficial to control diabetes and heat disease risk factor.


Smoking tobacco will increase the risk of developing heart disease. Smoking damages and narrows the arteries, creating heart condition and coronary failure. Heart condition may be a condition in which there is pain or discomfort within the center of the chest, caused by the guts muscle not obtaining enough blood. It makes the heart beat fast and will increase pressure level, which means the heart has got to work more to pump blood round the body

Physical inactivity

Lack of exercising regularly increases a person’s chances of being overweight. Which leads of having high blood pressure and of developing other conditions that cause heart diseases. Health experts refer that adults have to do at least 150 minutes of moderate to high-intensity exercise per week. Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors includes both manageable and non-manageable. In order to lower the risk of having that disease, you have to take balanced diet and having exercise on regular basis. Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors

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